Radiomics risk score may be a potential imaging biomarker for predicting survival in isocitrate dehydrogenase wild-type lower-grade gliomas
- European Radiology
- AI-powered Diagnosis
- Park2020_Article_RadiomicsRiskScoreMayBeAPotent.pdf (1.1M) 4회 다운로드 DATE : 2021-03-15 16:25:03
Isocitrate dehydrogenase wild-type (IDHwt) lower-grade gliomas of histologic grades II and III follow heterogeneous clinical outcomes, which necessitates risk stratification. We aimed to evaluate whether radiomics from MRI would allow prediction of overall survival in patients with IDHwt lower-grade gliomas and to investigate the added prognostic value of radiomics over clinical features.
Preoperative MRIs of 117 patients with IDHwt lower-grade gliomas from January 2007 to February 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The external validation cohort consisted of 33 patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas. A total of 182 radiomic features were extracted. Radiomics risk scores (RRSs) for overall survival were derived from the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) and elastic net. Multivariable Cox regression analyses, including clinical features and RRSs, were performed. The integrated areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (iAUCs) from models with and without RRSs were calculated for comparisons. The prognostic value of RRS was assessed in the validation cohort.
The RRS derived from LASSO and elastic net independently predicted survival with hazard ratios of 9.479 (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.220–27.847) and 6.148 (95% CI, 3.009–12.563), respectively. Those RRSs enhanced model performance for predicting overall survival (iAUC increased to 0.780–0.797 from 0.726), which was externally validated. The RRSs stratified IDHwt lower-grade gliomas in the validation cohort with significantly different survival.
Radiomics has the potential for noninvasive risk stratification and can improve prediction of overall survival in patients with IDHwt lower-grade gliomas when integrated with clinical features.